About Saint Peterburg

Saint Peterburg – a unique treasure-house of world culture, architecture and history is located on the coast of the Gulf of Finland at the mouth of the Neva River. Situated at the intersection of sea, river and overland routes, St Petersburg is Russia’s “Gateway to Europe”. St Petersburg is the 2nd largest Russian megapolis with 4,8 million people living here. It is the largest northern city on the planet.

Saint Petersburg was founded in 1703 by the first and the most famous Russian Emperor, Peter the Great, and for 214 years it had been the capital of the Russian Empire. All 13 Russian Emperors of the Romanov dynasty are now buried in the burial-vault of the Peter-and-Paul Fortress.

Saint Petersburg was built as an architectural state of the art city by famous European architects, especially Italian and French, who built on the picturesque banks of the Neva River a brilliant constellation of palaces, cathedrals, parks and splendid buildings in baroque, rococo, and classical styles.  

In the beginning of the XX century Saint Peterburg became the arena of the turbulent political upheavals. In October 1917 a blank shot fired from the famous cruiser “Aurora” signalled the storming of the Winter Palace and the beginning of the Bolshevik October revolution.

In Saint Petersburg there are over 100 historical palaces of the Russian nobility. Many palaces are now open to the public as museums.
There are over 80 museums in Saint Petersburg.

The Gem among them is the Hermitage, one of the largest museums in the world with its art collection of more than 3 million items.
The Russian Museum houses the largest exposition of Russian art masterpieces.

Concerts, theatre festivals and art exhibitions form the vibrant cultural life of St Petersburg. The Mariinsky theatre is world-famous for its splendid ballet performances, while art galleries of the Russian museum and the Hermitage will amaze the most experienced art connoisseur.

The imposing and austere beauty of Saint Petersburg is attributed to its grand cathedrals, especially the Saint Isaac’s Cathedral with the fourth largest dome in the world.
Saint Petersburg is often called the Venice of the North, because it is built on more than 20 islands separated by around 40 rivers and canals.

Another name for Saint Petersburg is the “Museum of Bridges”, since there are more than 500 bridges laid across numerous rivers and canals.

Saint Petersburg is famous for its “white nights” in May, June and July when the sun almost never goes down. During that period many bridges across the Neva river are raised at night to let the ships pass by, a spectacle which many strolling romantics do not want to miss.
Besides having a distinctly European outlook Saint Petersburg is, first of all, a Russian city that lets every visitor get imbued with Russian traditions, taste Russian cuisine and feel Russian hospitality.

Welcome to Saint Petersburg!